A skateboard is a type of sports equipment used primarily for the sport of skateboarding.
It usually consists of a specially designed maplewood board combined with a polyurethane
coating used for making smoother slides and stronger durability. Most skateboards are made
with 7 plies of this wood.
A skateboard is moved by pushing with one foot while the other remains on the board, or by
pumping one's legs in structures such as a bowl or half pipe. A skateboard can also be used
by simply standing on the deck while on a downward slope and allowing gravity to propel the
board and rider. If the rider's leading foot is their right foot, they are said to ride
"goofy;" if the rider's leading foot is their left foot, they are said to ride "regular."
If the rider is normally regular but chooses to ride goofy, they are said to be riding in
"switch," and vice versa. A skater is typically more comfortable pushing with their back
foot; choosing to push with the front foot is commonly referred to as riding "mongo", and
has negative connotations of style and effectiveness in the skateboarding community.
Recently, electric skateboards have also appeared. These no longer require the propelling
of the skateboard by means of the feet; rather an electric motor propels the board, fed by
an electric battery.
There is no governing body that declares any regulations on what constitutes a skateboard
or the parts from which it is assembled. Historically, the skateboard has conformed both to
contemporary trends and to the ever-evolving array of stunts performed by riders/users, who
require a certain functionality from the board. The board shape depends largely upon its
desired function. Longboards are a type of skateboard with a longer wheelbase and larger,
The two main types of skateboards are the longboard and the shortboard. The shape of the
board is also important: the skateboard must be concaved to perform tricks. Longboards
are usually faster and are mostly used for cruising and racing, while shortboards are
mostly used for doing tricks